The First World War in the Mediterranean – ANZAC and the role of Lemnos International Conference , 26-28 June 2015

“The Lemnos’ Friends of ANZAC” Association

International Conference for the Gallipoli Campaign, title: ¨The First World War in the Mediterranean –

For the first time, so systematically in Greece, an international conference took place at Varos Village Hotel

Lemnos, to highlight the role of the island in the Battle of Gallipoli, organized by "The Lemnos’ Friends of

ANZAC “ Association ( June 26th-28th, 2015)

Primarily investigated in detail, the political and military components of the notorious Gallipoli campaign,

which held a significant extent developments in Thracian and Asia Minor battlefield and is ( for many

reasons, both good and bad) a high valued historical fact. As noted in the conference, the Gallipoli

Campaign, as a historical event took place to provide from its allies, "Entente", aid to Russia so as not to

isolate the Black Sea and the Allied defeat and held the future of Istanbul. Particular attention was paid to

the causes that led to the defeat of the Allies with very interesting approaches from professors of maritime

history and other specialists of the Australia, US, France, Britain, Turkey and Greece.

The Battle of Gallipoli rose the star of Mustafa Kemal, the future founder of the Turkish Republic, whose

military tactics characterized aggressive.

According to what speakers have said, the coalition forces underestimated the opponent and had not been

prepared adequately for the campaign. With organizational, strategic, operational and tactical

shortcomings, led to painful and humiliating defeat by the Ottoman army which been helped by the German

forces of Otto von Sanders, the famous German General of the WW1. Young, well-educated and ambitious

Ottomans officers whose professional future was in this battle, contributed to the Allied defeat.

Lemnos played an important role in this great moment in world history.

The army of the Commonwealth had stayed in many different places on the island (Sharpi, Kallithea,

Moudros, Therma, Portianou, Punta), participated in the daily life, sharing their love, sadness, joy and

above all peace which lacked than the opposite coast of Gallipoli.

The historical fact of the landing at Gallipoli helped to recognize the national identity of the countries of

Australia and New Zealand, which for this reason, made as a national day of creation of their own State,

the day of Landing, ie April 25, which then, refers in world history, as Anzac Day. One of the many

outcomes of this conference was the Archaeological Institute from Sydney in Athens' proposal, to create

and set an international survey so, more official datas will be in process . This step will help to make more

strong and successful the idea of the creation of “ the ANZAC Path for Peace ‘ which will be a very

important sign of remembrance of the International Community to Lemnos . The Institute with its great

experience on research , offered its methodology to make this important survey to succeed and to present

this to the Greek Ministry of Culture and to all the distinguished universities and scientific institutes in the

world. All participants and the Association of course, accepted this great

"The Lemnos' Friends of Anzac" Association, founded in March 2014, and aims to highlight the role of

Lemnos island in this historic battle as well as the WW1, in general .

This international English-speaking Conference, held under the auspices of H.E. the

President of the Hellenic Republic, Mr Prokopios Pavlopoulos and invited and spoke eminent professors

worldwide such as: John B. Hattendorf (The USA Naval War Museum), Geoffrey Till (The King's College

London), Serhat Guvenc (Kadir Has University of Istanbul), Alexandre Sheldon-Duplaix (Head of research

and education history at the service of Defense Ministry of France), Lita Tzortzopoulou-Gregory, (special

advisor to the Australian Archaiological Institute at Athens). Natalia Vogeikoff-Brogan,( The American

School of Classical Studies at Athens), Hon. John Pandazopoulos, (President of the World Hellenic Inter-

Parliamentary Union) and from the Greek side, Evanthis Hatzivassiliou (Professor of Modern History at the

University of Athens), Zisis Fotakis (Lecturer of the School Naval Academy),Vlassis Vlassidis (Assistant

professor, University of Macedonia), Dionysis Chourchoulis (Greek Open University) , Marina Petrakis

(independent researcher) and Theofanis Vlachos from the Army History Directorate. Professor Christos

Boulotis, Battlefield Archaeologist from the Greek Parliament Foundation and the University of Athens, also

present his papers to the conference,

It was covered by many media from all over Greece and abroad.

Similar events will be organized annually by the Association, aiming to historical and cultural highlight of

Lemnos, July 2015

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The First World War in the Mediterranean – ANZAC and the role of Lemnos  International Conference , 26-28 June 2015